How to Python Install in Windows for Absolute Beginners

Python Install in Windows: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners


Python is a versatile and powerful programming language that is widely used for various purposes, including web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and automation. Installing Python on your Windows operating system is a straightforward process that opens up a world of possibilities for your programming journey. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of Python install in Windows of your computer.

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Table of Contents

1. What is Python?
2.    Advantages of Python
3.    System Requirements
4.    Downloading Python
5.    Installation Steps
  •   5.1 Downloading the Installer
  •   5.2 Running the Installer
  •   5.3 Customizing Installation (Optional)
  •   5.4 Choosing the Python Version
  •   5.5 Setting Environment Variables
  •   5.6 Verifying the Installation
6.    Installing Python via Anaconda (Optional)
7.    Setting Up a Virtual Environment
8.    Installing Packages with pip
9.    Common Installation Issues and Troubleshooting
  •   9.1 "Python is not recognized as an internal or external command"
  •   9.2 "Unable to Install Packages"
  •   9.3 "Permission Denied" Error
10.  Updating Python
11.  Uninstalling Python

1. What is Python?

Python is a high-level, interpreted, and general-purpose programming language known for its simplicity and readability. Guido van Rossum developed it in the late 1980s. Python's syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code compared to other programming languages. It has a large and active community that contributes to its libraries and frameworks, making it a popular choice among developers worldwide.

2. Advantages of Python

Python comes with numerous advantages that make it a preferred language for various projects:
Easy to Learn and Read: Python's clear and concise syntax is beginner-friendly, making it an excellent choice for aspiring programmers.
Versatility: Python is suitable for various applications, from web development to scientific computing and artificial intelligence.
Rich Library Support: Python offers a vast standard library and numerous third-party libraries, providing tools for various tasks.
Cross-Platform Compatibility: Python code can run on different operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Open Source: Python is free and open-source, allowing developers to use and modify it without restrictions.

3. System Requirements

Before installing Python on your Windows system, ensure your computer meets the following requirements:
Operating System: Windows 7/8/10 (32-bit or 64-bit)
Disk Space: At least 3 GB of free space for the installation
RAM: Minimum 4 GB (8 GB or more recommended)
Processor: 1 GHz or faster CPU

4. Downloading Python

To download Python, follow these steps:
Step 1: Open your preferred web browser and navigate to the official Python website of Python.
Step 2: Click on the "Downloads" tab in the top menu.
Step 3: Choose the latest stable release of Python (e.g., Python 3.9.7) for Windows and click on the download link corresponding to your system architecture (32-bit or 64-bit).

5. Installation Steps

Now that you have downloaded the Python installer, follow the steps below to install Python on your Windows machine.

5.1 Downloading the Installer

Locate the downloaded installer file (e.g., "python-3.9.7-amd64.exe") and double-click on it to begin the installation.

5.2 Running the Installer

A new window will appear with the option to customize the installation. Click on "Install Now" to proceed with the default installation settings.

5.3 Customizing Installation (Optional)

If you want to customize the installation, you can select the "Customize installation" option. This allows you to choose the installation location, add Python to PATH, and other customizations.

5.4 Choosing the Python Version

During the installation, you may be asked whether to add Python to PATH and whether to install the launcher for all users. Check both options and click on "Customize installation."

5.5 Setting Environment Variables

To ensure Python works correctly, you need to set up environment variables. Follow these steps:
Search for "Environment Variables" in the Windows search bar and open the "Edit the system environment variables" option.
Click on the "Environment Variables" button at the bottom of the window.
In the "System Variables" section, find "Path" and click on "Edit."
Click on "New" and add the paths of the Python executable and Scripts folders. By default, they are "C:\Python39" and "C:\Python39\Scripts".

5.6 Verifying the Installation

To verify the successful installation of Python, open the Command Prompt and type 
"python --version" or "python3 --version". The installed Python version will be displayed.

6. Installing Python via Anaconda (Optional)

Anaconda is a popular Python distribution that comes with additional packages pre-installed. To install Python via Anaconda, follow these steps:
Visit the Anaconda website and download the appropriate installer for your system.
Double-click the downloaded installer and follow the instructions to complete the installation.

7. Setting Up a Virtual Environment

Using virtual environments is a best practice in Python development. It allows you to create isolated environments for different projects, preventing version conflicts. To set up a virtual environment, follow these steps:
Open the Command Prompt.
Install the virtual environment package by typing "pip install virtualenv".
Navigate to your project directory and create a virtual environment by typing "virtualenv venv".
Activate the virtual environment with "venv\Scripts\activate" on Windows.

8. Installing Packages with pip

Python's package manager, "pip", allows you to install third-party packages easily. To install a package, use the command "pip install package_name".

9. Common Installation Issues and Troubleshooting

9.1 "Python is not recognized as an internal or external command"

This error occurs when Python is not added to the system PATH. Ensure you have added the Python executable path to the PATH environment variable.

9.2 "Unable to Install Packages"

If you encounter issues installing packages via "pip", ensure you have an active internet connection and try running the Command Prompt as an administrator.

9.3 "Permission Denied" Error

If you receive this error during installation, ensure you have administrative privileges on your computer. Right-click the installer and choose "Run as administrator."

10. Updating Python

Regularly updating Python is essential to benefit from the latest features and security patches. To update Python, download the latest version from the official website and run the installer.

11. Uninstalling Python

If you want to remove Python from your system, follow these steps:
Open the Control Panel and go to "Programs" > "Uninstall a program."
Locate Python in the list of installed programs, right-click it, and select "Uninstall."


Congratulations! You have successfully installed Python on your Windows system. Python opens up a world of possibilities for programming and development, whether you're a beginner or an experienced developer. Enjoy coding in Python and exploring its vast ecosystem!


1. Can I have multiple Python versions installed on my Windows system? 
Yes, you can install multiple Python versions on your Windows system. Make sure to set up environment variables appropriately to use the desired version.

2. Can I switch between Python versions easily? 
Yes, you can switch between Python versions by changing the PATH environment variable to point to the desired version's executable folder.

3. Do I need administrative privileges to install Python on Windows? 
Yes, administrative privileges are required to install Python on your Windows system.

4. Is Anaconda necessary for Python installation? 
No, Anaconda is not necessary for Python installation. It is an optional distribution that comes with additional pre-installed packages.

5. Where can I find Python packages to install? 
You can find Python packages on the Python Package Index (PyPI) website or on various repositories hosted on GitHub.

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